Asphalt Shingles: Organic and Fiberglass
Admin Admin June 8, 2022

Asphalt shingles are one of the most popular roofing materials that still are continuing to grow. Asphalt shingles are composed of three basic components: the matting, the asphalt, and the granules. 

  1. Matting - serves as the base of the shingles
  2. Asphalt - the main component of the shingles 
  3. Granules - gives the desired color, and texture and protects the other layers 

Asphalt Shingles have two different types wherein the only difference they have are what their matting is made of. Matting can be made from organic materials and fiberglass. These materials have their own pros and cons which will be discussed in the succeeding. 

Asphalt Shingles: Organic and Fiberglass

1. Organic Asphalt Shingles

The beginning asphalt shingles are made from organic materials. These organic materials that make the mat or the base layer are made from felt paper or cellulose fibers which can be found in paper or wood. These organic materials are soaked in asphalt and will then be coated with another layer of asphalt and ceramic granules. 

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Organic shingles have more percentage of asphalt (because of the process of soaking before coating) compared to fiberglass-made shingles which makes them more durable because of their asphalt content. It also performs better in areas with colder weather conditions. 

Organic asphalt shingles are much heavier which means more effort and manpower during the installation and more roofing support needed especially for wider roofing areas. And because it is made from non-synthetic materials like paper or wood, it absorbs more water and is prone to warping, and has less fire resistance. Organic asphalt is less eco-friendly and much more expensive because it has greater asphalt content. 

2. Fiberglass Asphalt Shingles

Gradually and through the advancement, fiberglass is being introduced into the asphalt shingles. The fiberglass shingles went through different experiments wherein they became more fragile and susceptible to breakage. But through time, fiberglass has overcome these problems and is now much used for the bases of the asphalt shingles. 

Fiberglass shingles are used to replace organic materials which means it is much more fire-resistant compared to organic asphalt shingles. Because it has lesser asphalt content, these fiberglass shingles are lesser in weight which means it is much easier to install and less costly. It is also more moisture-resistant because of its fiberglass layer, resulting in less warping. It also costs less compared with organic asphalt shingles.

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Because it has lesser content of asphalt, it is less durable or isn’t as durable compared with the organic asphalt shingles. And because it is much thinner, during the colder temperature, it can be more brittle and are prone to breakage compared with the organic shingles which are why it is not advisable in areas with colder climate temperature. 

Shingles made from asphalt, whether organic or fiberglass, are still more inexpensive compared to other shingle materials. The cost of the asphalt shingles greatly depends on the brand and how these are being improved. Overall, the material used for asphalt shingles depends on your preference and your budget. To discuss your asphalt shingles-related topic, check with your local roofing contractor or specialist to assist you to have a better roof for your home


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